Do not wait for symptoms to occur before getting screened. Early colon cancer often has no symptoms. If there are symptoms, they may include:

  • Rectal bleeding
  • Blood in the stool or in the toilet after having a bowel movement
  • A change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation
  • Cramping or pain in the lower stomach
  • Losing weight and you do not know why
  • Anemia (low blood count)

Most colon cancer develops over time. A growth of abnormal tissue, called a polyp, forms on the lining of the colon. These usually start as non-cancerous (benign) polyps, but over time some change to be malignant, or cancerous. There are two types of polyps:

  1. Adenomatous polyps – polyps that can change into cancer, a pre-cancerous condition
  2. Hyperplastic polyps and inflammatory polyps – polyps that are non-cancerous

Many physicians believe that hyperplastic polyps could turn into pre-cancerous polyps or that those who have hyperplastic polyps have a greater risk of developing adenomatous polyps, especially when they are found in the ascending colon.

Source: https://coloncancerpreventionproject.org/education-prevention/learn-about-it/

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